This video is part of our course beginners 3
They are pronouns such as “I” or “you,” used instead of a noun as the subject of a sentence.
|Il||He or it|
|Elle||She or it|
|On||One or you or they or people|
“Tu” is also used to address someone informally, and “il” is also the impersonal subject for the weather and the time.
“Je” becomes “j’” in front of a vowel or an “h.” The other subject pronouns can’t be shortened.
This pronoun is an indefinite pronoun, and it doesn’t have a gender. It is used for two different things.
On parle français en France They speak French in France.
On sort ce soir We are going out tonight.
Nous sortons ce soir We are going out tonight.
The ending of “on” is more regular than the one for “nous” for the irregular verbs, so sometimes it is easier to use “on” rather than “nous” in informal situations. “on” has the same ending as “il,” and “elle.”
|Ils||They (masculine plural)|
|Elles||They (feminine plural)|
“Ils,” and “elles” have the same pronunciation as “il,” and “elle.”
“Vous” is used to address someone formally. It is also the plural of “tu” for informal.
“Ils” is also used to refer to a mixed group (male and female) as masculine is stronger than feminine in French.
At the beginning of a sentence or in front of a conjugated verb.
Elle lit She reads
Aujourd’hui, elle lit le journal Today, she reads the newspaper.
When “et” is followed by a conjugated verb, in French, the conjugated verb must be preceded by a subject pronoun.
Elle lit des livres et elle joue au foot She reads books and (she) plays football.
When “nous,” “vous,” “ils, or “elles” are followed by a verb starting with a vowel or an “h,” you must use the “z” link.
Vous êtes Vous (z)êtes.