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Les nombres

This video is part of our free course beginners 1

In this French video lesson, Anaïs presents the French numbers up to one hundred. Knowing the numbers and how to use them will make your life easier when it comes to talking about prices, distances and many more everyday situations.


0 Zéro
1 un
2 deux
3 trois
4 quatre
5 cinq
6 six
7 sept
8 huit
9 neuf
10 dix

11 onze
12 douze
13 treize
14 quatorze
15 quinze   
16 seize
17 dix-sept  
18 dix-huit
19 dix-neuf

20 vingt
21 vingt-et-un  
22 vingt-deux  

30 trente  
31 trente-et-un
32 trente-deux

40 quarante    
41 quarante-et-un
42 quarante-deux

50 cinquante     
51 cinquante-et-un
52 cinquante-deux

60 soixante   
61 soixante-et-un   
62 soixante-deux

70 soixante-dix
71 soixante-et-onze
72 soixante-douze

80 quatre-vingt
81 quatre-vingt-un
82 quatre-vingt-deux

90 quatre-vingt-dix
91 quatre-vingt-onze
92 quatre-vingt-douze
100 cent  

Note
From 70, we are using existing numbers and maths to create new numbers. This is why:

  • 70 = Soixante-dix = 60 + 10
  • 80 = Quatre-vingt = 4 x 20
  • 90 = Quatre-vingt-dix = 4 x 20 + 10

Note
70 and 90 in French end in 10, so 71 and 91 must start at 11 and not at 1"

  • 71 = Soixante-et-onze = 60 + 11
  • 91 = Quatre-vingt-onze = 4 x 20 + 11


Pronunciation rules

When followed by another number or a noun, the pronunciation of “six,” “huit” and “dix” changes. The last letter of these numbers becomes silent.

Dix-sept "dee-set"

Huit cents "wee-sahn"

Six mille "see-meal"


When the noun following these numbers starts with a vowel or an “h”, we use a “z” link for “dix” and “six”, and a “t” link for “huit”.

Dix oeufs "dee-zuh"

Six oncles "see-zon-cl"

Huit acteurs "wee-tac-ther"




Links

21, 31, 41, 51, 61 and 71, all have “et” included in their numbers. For pronunciation, you need to link the last consonant of the number, usually a “t” and the word “et.” As a result, “et” is pronounced “tey,” and the “t” or “te” at the end of the number is silent.

Trente-(t)et-un "tron-tey-un"


Note
81 and 91 don’t have “et” because we are applying a multiplication rule and not an addition.

quatre-vingt-un (81) 4 x 20 + 1 (not quatre-vingt-et-un → 4 x 21)






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