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We don’t say “on Monday” but “Monday.” In the spoken language, “le” can be used in front of days to mean “every.” When writing, use “tous les” or “les” and add an “s” at the end of the day.
Lundi On Monday
Le lundi On Mondays
Je fais du foot tous les lundis I play football on Mondays
“En” is used in front of a month to mean “in.”
En janvier In January
In French, days and months only take a capital letter if they are the first word of a sentence.
Il fait froid en janvier It’s cold in January
Lundi, je vois mon amie On Monday, I see my friend
For the date, ordinal numbers are not used in French. Instead, we use normal numbers. The only exception is the use of the word “premier” to translate “the first”. As a result, in French, “the” will never be translated.
Mardi 4 janvier 2021 Tuesday the 4th of January 2021
Years must be said as a big number in French.
2019 Deux mille dix-neuf
The full date is said in this order: day, date, month, year. You can use “le” instead of the day especially when speaking. In the spoken language, we don’t say the month or the year if it’s the current one.
Lundi 05 juillet 2017 Monday the fifth of July 2017
Le 04 janvier The fourth of January
Le premier juin The first of June
After “le,” you must use a number
|Le printemps||The spring|
|L’automne||The autumn or fall|
We use “en” in front of seasons to mean “in,” except for “printemps” which takes “au.” “The” in French isn’t needed when “en” is used. “En” must be linked with a vowel or an “h.”
En été In the summer
Au printemps In the spring