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La date

This video is part of our free course beginners 1

The week

French English
Lundi Monday
Mardi Tuesday
Mercredi Wednesday
Jeudi Thursday
Vendredi Friday
Samedi Saturday
Dimanche Sunday

Note
We don’t say “on Monday” but “Monday.” In the spoken language, “le” can be used in front of days to mean “every.” When writing, use “tous les” or “les” and add an “s” at the end of the day.

Lundi On Monday

Le lundi On Mondays

Je fais du foot tous les lundis I play football on Mondays


The months

French English
Janvier January
Février February
Mars March
Avril April
Mai May
Juin June
Juillet July
Août August
Septembre September
Octobre October
Novembre November
Décembre December

Note
“En” is used in front of a month to mean “in.”

En janvier In January

Note
In French, days and months only take a capital letter if they are the first word of a sentence.

Il fait froid en janvier It’s cold in January

Lundi, je vois mon amie On Monday, I see my friend


The date (number)

For the date, ordinal numbers are not used in French. Instead, we use normal numbers. The only exception is the use of the word “premier” to translate “the first”. As a result, in French, “the” will never be translated.

Mardi 4 janvier 2021 Tuesday the 4th of January 2021




The years

Years must be said as a big number in French.

2019 Deux mille dix-neuf




The date

The full date is said in this order: day, date, month, year. You can use “le” instead of the day especially when speaking. In the spoken language, we don’t say the month or the year if it’s the current one.

Lundi 05 juillet 2017 Monday the fifth of July 2017

Le 04 janvier The fourth of January

Le premier juin The first of June




Questions

  • Quelle est la date d'aujourd'hui ? → What is today’s date ?
  • Aujourd'hui, nous sommes … → Today, we are…
  • On est le combien aujourd'hui ? → What date (number) is it today?
  • Aujourd'hui, on est le … → Today, it is the …

Note
After “le,” you must use a number


The seasons

French English
L’été The summer
Le printemps The spring
L’automne The autumn or fall
L’hiver The winter

Note
We use “en” in front of seasons to mean “in,” except for “printemps” which takes “au.” “The” in French isn’t needed when “en” is used. “En” must be linked with a vowel or an “h.”

En été In the summer

Au printemps In the spring






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