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Heure (part 2)

This video is part of our free course beginners 1

The minutes from 1 till 34

If the minutes are between 1 and 34, we say:

  • The number of hours (morning or evening).
  • The word “heure.”
  • The number of minutes.

02:05 Deux heures cinq

14:05 Quatorze heures cinq


Note
"Midi” and “minuit” are never followed by “heure.”

12:15 Midi et quart

24:17 Minuit dix-sept

Note
Even if it’s not something we usually do when speaking, you can say the word “et” before the number of minutes and the word “minute” after it. But you can’t do it with “et quart” (15) or “et demi” (30) as they are not numbers.

06:30 Six heures et trente minutes

18:30 Dix-huit heures et demi


The minutes 35, 40, 45, 50 and 55

As seen above, these minutes have special names. To tell the time you have to say:

  • The actual time + 1 hour (or the next hour).
  • The word “heure.”
  • The name of these minutes starting with “moins”.

04:55 Cinq heures moins cinq

16:40 Dix-sept heures moins vingt


Note
The minutes, 35, 40, 45, 50 and 55 have special names. They all start with “moins” which means “minus” and the number they use is the remaining minutes to go to the next hour.

40 moins vingt → 60-40=20 (minutes to go to 60.)

50 moins dix → 60-50=10 (minutes to go to 60.)t

Note
“Midi” and “minuit” are never followed by “heure.”

11:45 Midi moins le quart

Note
Here, you can’t use the word “et” but you can use the word “minute.” It is not something we usually do when speaking.

15:50 Seize heures moins dix minutes


The other minutes

The other minutes work the same as the minutes 1 to 34, so you need to say:

  • The number of the hours (morning or evening).
  • The word “heure.”
  • The number of the minutes.

03:46 Trois heures quarante six

15:51 Quinze heures cinquante-et-un


Note
“Midi” and “minuit” are never followed by “heure.”

Note
You can say the word “et” before the number of the minutes and the word “minute” after it, but it is rarely used in the spoken language.

10:10 Dix heures et dix minutes

Note
For the minutes between 55 and 60, it is fine to add one hour to the actual time and to minus the remaining minutes as everybody can count from 5 to 0.


O'clock

The word “pile” means “o’clock,” but now we only use it to tell someone to be punctual nicely. In English, “pile” now means “sharp.” When it’s o’clock, there are no minutes, so we stop after the word “heure” and “pile can be used after “heure.”

22:00 Vingt-deux heures (pile)



Links

Because the word “heure” starts with an “h,” we have to link the number’s last consonant with the word “heure.”

If the number ends in “s,” “x,” or “ze,” the link is a “z” sound

02:00 Deux (z)heures

03:00 Trois (z)heures

14:00 Quatorze (z)heures


If the number ends in “t,” the link is a “t” sound

08:00 Huit (t)heures


If the number ends in “f,” the link is a “v” sound

09:00 Neuf (v)heures


If the number ends in “q,” the link is a “k” sound

05:00 Cinq (k)heures


If the number ends in “tre,” the link is a “tr” sound

04:00 Quatre (tr)heures


If the number ends in “ne,” the link is a “n” sound

01:00 Une (n)heure


Note
When the link is “t,” “v,” “k,” “tr,” or “n,” these consonants are silent at the end of the numbers. “s,” “x,” or “z,” are always silent when they are the last letter of a word.






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