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La météo (part 1)

This video is part of our course beginners 1

“Il fait” + adjective

In this section, we are using “il fait,” which means “it does” followed by an adjective. In this section, we shall be exploring common ways to talk about the weather.

French English
Il fait beau The weather is nice
Il fait chaud The weather is hot
Il fait moche The weather is miserable
Il fait soleil The weather is sunny
Il fait nuageux The weather is cloudy
Il fait froid The weather is cold
Il fait humide The weather is humid
Il fait bon The weather is good/ pleasant
Il fait mauvais The weather is bad
Il fait doux The weather is mild

Note
Some of the above sentences can be used with adverbs like “très.” The adverb will go after “fait.”

Il fait très beau The weather is really nice

Note
Some of the adjectives used above can also be used to describe other things than the weather. “Moche” means “ugly,” “bon” means “good” for tastes, smells and abilities, “mauvais” is the opposite of “bon,” “beau” means “beautiful,” “mauvais” means “bad” and “doux” means “sweet or soft.”

Note
You can say two of the above sentences in a row. In this case, the second sentence doesn’t need “il fait.” They can be linked with “et”.

Il fait beau et chaud The weather is nice and hot

Note
You can say two of the above sentences in a row, and link them with “mais” to show contrast. In that case, you will need to say “il fait” after “mais”.

Il fait soleil mais il fait froid The weather is sunny, but it is cold


Verbs

In this section, we are using verbs only. The verbs below can only be used to talk about the weather and can only be used with “il” the impersonal subject for the weather.

Infinitive verb Present tense
Neiger → To snow Il neige → It’s snowing
Pleuvoir → To rain Il pleut → It’s raining
Grêler → To hail Il grêle → It’s hailing
Geler → To be freezing Il gèle → It’s freezing

Note
The French word for “snow” is “la neige,” the one for “rain” is “la pluie.” The French word for “hail” is “la grêle” and the one for “freeze” is “le gel.”

Note
As the above are verbs, “il” must be used even if you are using two sentences in a row.

Il pleut et il gèle It is raining, and it is freezing



“Il y a” + article + noun

In this section, we are using “il y a” which means “there is” or “there are” followed by an article and a noun. The article must be a partitive article. This can only be used in this section as described below.

French English
Il y a du tonnerre There is thunder
Il y a du brouillard It is foggy/ There is fog
Il y a du vent It is windy/ There is wind
Il y a des éclairs (m) There is lightning
Il y a de l’orage (m) It is stormy/ There is a storm

Note
Partitive articles are “du”, “de la”, “de l’” and “des”. They mean “some” for uncountable nouns. You can find the lesson on partitive articles in this book. When “des” is followed by a vowel or “h” use a “z” link.

Note
You can say two of the above sentences in a row. In this case, the second sentence doesn’t need “il y a.” They can be linked with “et,” and you must keep the partitive article.

Il y a du tonnerre et des éclairs There are thunder and lightning

Note
You can use this section with “du soleil,” “de la pluie,” “des nuages” or “de la neige.” As “il y a” means “there is or there are,” your sentence will be more descriptive.

Il y a de la neige sur la montagne There is snow on the mountain



“Le temps” + a verb

In this section, we are using “le temps” which means “the weather” plus a verb. The verbs used here are pronominal and must be preceded by “se” or “s.” Some people do not commonly use this section.

French English
Le temps s'éclaircit It’s clearing up
Le temps se couvre It’s clouding over
Le temps se rafraîchit It’s getting chilly
Le temps s’améliore It’s brightening up

Note
The lesson on pronominal verbs is in the book: beginners’ level 2.

Note
Instead of using this section, you can use the top section “il fait + adjectives” with “maintenant” which is the French word for “now.”

Il fait beau maintenant The weather is nice now/ It’s brightening up



“Il fait un temps” + adjective

In this section, we are using “il fait un temps” followed by an adjective. Most of the time these sentences are used on their own without anything else about the weather.

French English
Il fait un temps magnifique It’s a beautiful day
Il fait un temps affreux It’s an awful day
Il fait un temps pourri (I) It’s a rotten day
Il fait un temps couvert It’s overcast
Il fait un temps de saison It’s a typical “season” day
Il fait un temps épouvantable It’s a horrible day
Il fait un temps de chien (I) It’s a dreadful day
Il fait un temps superbe It’s a beautiful day

Note
(I) means informal.

Note
The literal meaning of “il fait un temps de chien” is “it’s a dog day.”

Note
You don’t need to say anything else about the weather if you use one of the sentences above. They are self-explanatory except if you use “mais” to show contrast.

Il fait un temps magnifique It’s a beautiful day

Il fait un temps magnifique mais il y a du vent It’s a beautiful day, but it’s windy

Note
In French, when you say “il fait un temps de saison,” you don’t need to be precise about the season.


Mixing sections

When talking about the weather, you can of course mix sections together; “et” or “mais” must be used before the last thing you will say. It is more common to mix the three first sections together.

Il fait nuageux et froid, il pleut et il y a du vent




Negation

In French, the negation is expressed by “ne” and “pas.” “Ne” goes before the conjugated verb and “pas” after it. “Ne” becomes “n’” in front of a vowel or “h.” Other negative words can be used instead of “pas”.

Il fait + adjective

In a negative sentence, “il fait” turns into “il ne fait pas” followed by the adjective.

Il fait beau The weather is nice

Il ne fait pas beau The weather is not nice




Verbs

In a negative sentence, “ne” goes before the conjugated verb and “pas” after it.

Il neige It is snowing

Il ne neige pas It is not snowing




Il y a + article + noun

In a negative sentence, “il y a” turns into “il n’y a pas” followed by “de” or “d’” and the noun.

Il y a du vent It’s windy

Il n’y a pas de vent It’s not windy



Note
“Du,” “de la,” “de l’” or “des” turn into “de” or “d’” in a negative sentence. “D’” is used in front of a vowel or “h.” 


Le temps + a verb

In a negative sentence, “ne” goes before “se” or “s’” and “pas” goes after the conjugated verb.

Le temps se couvre It is clouding over

Le temps ne se couvre pas It is not clouding over




Il fait un temps + adjective

In a negative sentence, “il fait un temps” turns into “il ne fait pas un temps” followed by the adjective.

Il fait un temps magnifique It is a beautiful day

Il ne fait pas un temps magnifique It is not a beautiful day







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